India’s growing influence in the new international order
Policy expert Richard Fontaine speaks to Suman Guha Mozumder about the implications of Global Swing States like official canada goose outlet India in the context of the global order.
Fontaine, who served as foreign policy advisor to Senator John McCain for more than five years and also worked at the State Department, the National Security Council and on the staff of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, canada goose outlet usa spoke to India Abroad.
How did this concept of Global Swing States come about?
We were working on this report in the run up to the 2012 Presidential election, and there was so much attention on the domestic swing states, which are those states that could go one way or the other in a Presidential contest, and which as a result, receive a disproportionate canada goose outlet official amount of electoral resources and attention from the two campaigns because it seen that they deliver an outsized payoff for engagement with them.
canada goose uk outlet So, we applied this concept with respect to the international realm, and looked at what we called GSS. We identified the four countries Brazil, India, Indonesia, and Turkey each of which has a large and growing economy, democratic governance, significant population and occupies a strategic location in the world, and so their precise orientation to key elements canada goose outlet store uk of the international order are in flux. canada goose uk outlet
The United States should engage intensively with these four countries because as Global Swing States, they collectively will have much to say about the direction of the future global order.
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Would you say this is different from what are known as emerging powers, which include also India, Brazil and South Africa? How different are they in terms of the conceptual framework that you are talking about?
In the focus on the emerging powers, a lot of attention has been paid to the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China), or the IBSA (India Brazil and South Africa) tripartite grouping.
canada goose coats on sale The focus in a lot of that has been on those countries working as a block, and whether to present an alternative to the current international system, or canada goose outlet to put emphasis in different areas of international concern than the West might do. canada goose coats on sale
canada goose But what we said with respect to the Global Swing States is that these countries newmediadoc are unlikely to frequently work together as a block. And we talking more about a concept that this helps clarify the foreign policy priorities of the United States and other countries so they can see the potential inherent in these four powers. canada goose
The other distinction is that the four countries we identified are all democratic powers, and doesn include China or some of the other non democratic emerging powers. And this is important.
cheap canada goose uk We identified several areas of international order, and one of them is a sort of human rights and democratic order. Democratic countries are better placed than autocracies to be active supporters of that element of international order. cheap canada goose uk
You talk about the human rights issues. What would you say?
uk canada goose I think if you compare its track record to that of autocratic countries, it certainly is much better. uk canada goose
India, with the exception of the Emergency under Indira Gandhi, has an essentially unbroken pattern of democratic governance. It got a free, open, and very active press. The political system is an open one.
Canada Goose sale Certainly, there are always things that one canada goose outlet reviews might pick out here or there. But if you look at this compared to other countries, then I think that India has a long democratic tradition to be proud of. Canada Goose sale
uk canada goose outlet But we looking more at the foreign policy aspect of this, and India was a founding contributor to the UN democracy fund, a member of the community of democracies. uk canada goose outlet
It has been involved in quiet efforts at democracy promotion or consolidation in different countries ranging from Afghanistan to places in the Middle East. So, I think that, again, that canada goose outlet buffalo a distinction between India and what you would see in other countries.
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So, primarily, the focus of this concept is foreign policy, right?
That is true. We have looked at the potential for these countries to be active supporters of the international order. And we defined the international order as the non proliferation canada goose outlet online store review order. It has basically five pillars the non proliferation order, the trade order, the finance order, the maritime order, and the democracy and human rights order.
cheap Canada Goose Obviously, their domestic behaviour impacts their foreign policy. But we were looking mainly at their external activity. cheap Canada Goose
Canada Goose Coats On Sale The Indo US collaboration canada goose outlet in canada on civilian nuclear energy, which was said to be a very bold step towards bilateral cooperation, seems to have gone to the back burner, partly because of India domestic political compulsions. Canada Goose Coats On Sale
If there are domestic compulsions that the government has to face in terms of its foreign policy decisions, how much do you think India can contribute to these collaborations?
The potential is great, but I think we also need to have strategic patience. If you look at both the United States and India, the great blessing is that they both democracies.
But democracies have some unique challenges as we saw with the civilian nuclear cooperation deal. Years now after that deal was signed, because of the liability law, we don have canada goose outlet store toronto US companies active in the nuclear sector in India.